CICS® stands for "Customer Information Control System." It is a general-purpose transaction processing subsystem for the z/OS® operating system. CICS provides services for running an application online, by request, at the same time as many other users are submitting requests to run the same applications, using the same files and programs.
CICS is middle ware designed to support rapid, high-volume online transaction processing. A CICS transaction is a unit of processing initiated by a single request that may affect one or more objects. This processing is usually interactive (screen-oriented), but background transactions are possible.CICS provides services that extend or replace the functions of the operating system and are more efficient than the generalized services in the operating system and simpler for programmers to use, particularly with respect to communication with diverse terminal devices.
CICS manages the sharing of resources, the integrity of data and prioritization of execution, with fast response. CICS authorizes users, allocates resources (real storage and cycles), and passes on database requests by the application to the appropriate database manager (such as DB2®). We could say that CICS acts like, and performs many of the same functions as the z/OS operating system. A CICS application is a collection of related programs that together perform a business operation, such as processing a travel request or preparing a company payroll. CICS applications execute under CICS control, using CICS services and interfaces to access programs and files.
Customer Information Control System. Middleware and MQ Series.